Snoring is the harsh or loud sound caused due to the vibration of tissues near the throat while one is asleep. It is a significant problem faced by people while sleeping. Common causes of snoring are mainly due to the passage of air at a faster than usual speed constricting the throat, which results in creating a sound. Breathing causes a lot of disturbance to other people and cannot be controlled easily. While sleeping, all the muscles become loose and don’t give any support to the jaw bone, which leads to snoring. You can control it by using a jaw supporter.
Common causes of snoring are due to the action of a set of muscles. Let me explain in detail. You breathe in through nose/ mouth, and air passes in a steady stream which smoothly goes through the throat and down into the lungs. At this time, there is relatively no sounds developed and is mostly quiet. This action is due to some muscles which keep the mouth open to allow air to pass out. On the other hand, when we are in a deep sleep, the same muscles relax, causing the airway from the back of your throat to become narrower, causing the sound to occur.
Snoring becomes a medical health problem in some cases like obstructive sleep apnea. There are many factors responsible for this snoring to develop.
Some of the causes of snoring are:
- Sleeping On Your Back
- Eating a large meal before bed
- Breathing through the mouth more often than through the nose
- Blockage of the nose – Difficulty in nasal breathing
- Intake of certain medications
It is essential also to note that as one gets older, the soft palate tissues and muscles become increasingly flaccid, thus increasing the frequency of snoring.
The main predisposing factors for snoring are:
- Recent weight gain
- Morning headaches
- Awakening at night confused
- Excessive daytime drowsiness
- Awakening in the morning not feeling rested
- Falling asleep during driving or performing everyday work
- Change in your level of cognitive skills
- Daytime naps/falling asleep during meetings.
- Observed by someone else where the snorer stops breathing or gasp during sleep can suggest a breathing problem like sleep apnea.
It is also essential that sleep apnea in children is linked to several healths and learning problems. For example, high blood pressure, growth problems, ADHD, bedwetting poor school performance, and learning difficulties are one of these.
Treatment methods for snoring include two different types, namely nonsurgical methods and surgical methods. The conventional treatments include behavioral and lifestyle changes, drugs, changes in eating habits, sleep position, steam inhalation, drinking tea, use of nasal dilator strips, and dental appliances. The surgical treatments for snoring include nasal surgery, oral surgery for snoring. These procedures involve the uvula and palate, uvulectomy, and palatoplasty.